The ancestors of the Vietnamese are said to be the nomad Mongols who hailed from China and also, the refugees from Indonesia.
The history of Vietnam says that the nation established in 2879 B.C. by Hung Vuong who is believed to be the first ruler of Vietnam. The country was ruled by China from the 111 B.C. to the 15th century and given the status of a helot state. During that period, it was called Nam Viet. This era is also known as the period of Nationalist Expansion, and during this time, Cambodians pushed out of the present-day southern Vietnam.
After about a century, Europeans came into the area of Vietnam. The first Europeans to enter Vietnam were the Portuguese. The invasion of France in Vietnam started in the year of 1858 and was concluded by the end of 1884. Thus, in 1887 Vietnam became a region under the French Indochina. After the World War II, Vietnam attained independence, but even after that, the French rulers continued to govern the country till 1954. During this year, the French were subjugated by the forces of Communist parties under the leader named Ho Chi Minh, who ruled the northern area after his victory.
In an endeavor to strengthen the Vietnamese government, the United States provided military and economic assistance to South Vietnam during the 1960s. But after a ceasefire agreement in 1973, the armed forces from the United States were withdrawn. After two years, the troops from the North Vietnam swarmed the South. It led to a significant disturbance of peace in the country. The impacts of such disturbances persisted even after two decades in the form of weak economic growth which was a result of standard policies of leadership. After 2001, the authorities and the government of Vietnam started to pay heed towards the liberalization of the economy and in this concern; many structural reforms were passed in a light to renew the economy and to produce the competitive industries that can boost the trade of the country.
The country also faces oppositions and protests from the Montagnard minority of the Central Highlands. The reason behind these oppositions is the loss of land which was taken over by the Vietnamese colonizers. These protests still continue to the present day.
PEOPLE, CULTURE AND RELIGION
The people of Vietnam is composed of 90% Vietnamese. The indigenous groups of which the ethnic minority population consists of belonging to the Thai and Hmong. These minorities contribute 85% to the community and have put down their roots in the mountainous area of the country since centuries. The mid of the Southern Vietnam inhabited the Chinese population that makes the 3% of the total population.
The terms used by the people of Vietnam is a blend of Mon-Khmer and Tai. Most of the words used for official, a technical and literary purpose derives the Chinese language. The system of writing used in Vietnam is called Chu Nom.
The religion followed by the people in Vietnam is Buddhism. This doctrine developed in Vietnam since ages and on a very broad scale. There are millions of followers of Buddhism and around 20,000 pagodas in Vietnam. But this is not the only religion adopted by the Vietnamese as there have been some imported religions from time to time. For the instant, Catholicism is the second major religion in the country which was brought by the missionaries from Europe. There are around 6,000 churches in Vietnam. Indigenous religions also exist in Vietnam like HoaHao sects and Cao Dai. People often embrace ancestor worship, animism, atheism, etc.
Vietnam is a land of an assortment of old and picturesque vistas that attract a lot of tourists to the country. The tourist spots in Vietnam are Ho Chi Minh City that possesses the necessary evidence in the war museums, and the scenic beauty can be at the Ha Long Bay in the North which adorned with the towering islands, caves and junk boats. Hanoi, Da Lat, and Sa Pa are also some of the most famous tourist's places in Vietnam.Thus, the economy of Vietnam is greatly influenced by its globally significant tourism.
Vietnam is a land of an assortment of old and picturesque vistas that attract a lot of tourists to the country. The tourist spots in Vietnam are Ho Chi Minh City that possesses the necessary evidence in the war museums, and the scenic beauty can be at the Ha Long Bay in the North which adorned with the towering islands, caves and junk boats. Hanoi, Da Lat, and Sa Pa are also some of the most famous tourist's places in Vietnam.
The country is globally famous for its scenic tourist attractions that offer a lot of adventure to the tourists. Visitors can take up trekking trips, cruise trips and can even enjoy the indoors of the cities on their journey to Laos. All the fun accompanies the unique and mouth-watering cuisine of Laos and that of the Southeast Asia.Thus, the economy of Vietnam is greatly influenced by its globally significant tourism
The Social Republic of Vietnam (SRV) is in the middle of the Southern Asian Region. It is in the easternmost fringe of the Indochina Peninsula The country shares its boundaries with countries like China in the North and Laos and Cambodia in the West. The country’s map simulates the ‘S’ shape.
Vietnam is between 8°and 24°N latitudes and 102° and 110° E longitudes. The coastline of Vietnam is around 3260 Kilometers (1258.693 square miles), and the inland borderline is around 3730 Kilometers (1440.1611 square miles) in length. From the northernmost point to the southernmost point, the length of Vietnam measures to around 1650 Kilometers (637.0686 square miles). The width of Vietnam, when measured from the eastern coast to the western border, is measured to be 600 Kilometers (231.661 square miles) at the widest area and 50 Kilometers (19.3051 square miles) at the narrowest area of the central coast in the province of QuangBinh. The continental shelf area is around 700,000 so km in measurement.
A diversity of topographic reliefs and the difference in latitudes makes the climate different from place to place in Vietnam. Vietnam is in a tropical zone. The climate of Vietnam is sometimes sunny days, strong monsoon influence and a high proportion of humidity and rain. The places are situated in the mountainous or tropical areas witness temperate climate.
Throughout the year, the average temperature in Vietnam ranges from 22°C to 27°C.