The modern day Cambodian culture acquired its origin between the 1st and 6th centuries. The culture took birth in the oldest state in the Southeast Asia named Funan. This phase of the history is said to hold the evolution of the Cambodian language which comes from the Mon-Khmer group of languages. This accent is composed of some elements of Sanskrit and that of the old religions of Buddhism and Hinduism.
The historical relevance of the Cambodians makes them distinct from the rest of their neighboring countries as their appearance differs. The Angkor Empire generated in Funan which was ruled by the great King Jayavarman II in the year of 802.
During the next 60 decades, the powerful Khmer kings ruled the most parts of the Southeast Asia.
After the end of the rule of the Angkor, the capital of Cambodia shifted to the Longvek, and afterward, it moved to Oudong and then to the present day capital named Phnom Penh.
The post-Angkor period is not only famous for the movement of the capital of Cambodia, but also for a large scale conversion of religion into Theravada Buddhism. It was portrayed in the temple carvings, and it has been evident through such carvings that the features of Buddhism slowly replaced the Hindu features.
Foreign influence in Cambodia was there during the period of 15th to 17th century when there was a battle for expansion, over Cambodia between Siam and Vietnam. In the years of 1800 Cambodia also witnessed elevating pressure from the colonial powers of the Europe.
There were series of controversies and fights for gaining independence which was eventually fruitful as finally, Cambodia enjoyed the freedom and independent parliamentary system.
PEOPLE, CULTURE AND RELIGION
The people of Cambodia are the most hardworking people in the world. Despite facing a hard history of wars and poverty, the Cambodian people are quite friendly, grateful and welcoming. They are respectful people that smile and laugh very often.
The official language of Cambodia is Khmer. This accent is followed and spoken by a majority of the Cambodian population. There is also a usage of several Chinese and Vietnamese idiom by the people of Cambodia. Khmer is considered as a nontonal language unlike many others and has derived many of its words from Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and French.
The country's population is of 12 million people, 90% of which belong to the Khmer group. There are various other groups like Chinese, Vietnamese, Burmese and Thai. Also, there are some hill tribes too that concentrates in the hilly regions.
Cambodia has come through a terrible past of wars and struggle. The country has seen years of decline. But it is still considered as the land of some of the most exotic and scenic vistas which are famous worldwide and have been visited by the global tourists throughout the year. There are some places in Cambodia, which are renowned for their scenic beauty all around the world. The most well-known from these areas is the Angkor Wat which is one of the eight wonders of the world. The country’s economy depends on the tourism as one of the sources of revenue, and this is because of the global impression of Cambodia, and it’s natural wonders.
Other famous tourist attractions in Cambodia are Bayon, , Royal Palace of Phnom Penh, Angkor Thom, ChoeungEk and much more.
The tourist spots invite the international tourism to the country by offering a wide variety of quick adventures activities and mouth-watering cuisines.
Cambodia country is in the southwestern part of the Indochina Peninsula. The country shares its boundaries with Laos and Thailand in the North and Vietnam in the East and the Southside.The Gulf of Thailand lies on the western coast which borders Cambodia in the South and Southwest.
The area covered by this Southeast Asian country is around 181,035 square kilometers (69,898 square kilometers), and the 20% of this field occupies the agricultural practices of the country. The area gets divided into 21 provinces. Most of the land of Cambodia is relatively plain which surrounds the area around the Lake Tonle Sap. A significant amount of the agricultural land occupies for the cultivation of rice. The plain area is rich in the alluvial soil. The high ranges include the Elephant Mountain Ranges, Dangrek, and Carmen.The country is located entirely within the tropics, and the southernmost part of the country is more than around 10°beyond the Equator.
The coastline of Cambodia is around 435 Kilometers long. Phnom Penh is the capital city of Cambodia.
Cambodia is a country with a tropical climate and enjoys and an appropriate amount of sunlight throughout the year. The average temperature of Cambodia is usually high throughout the year. Cambodia experiences two different seasons during the year, one is the dry season, and the other one is a monsoon. Monsoon occurs in Cambodia in the months of May to October. This period of storm usually experiences the southwesterly winds that manage to bring 5 to 80% of the yearly rainfall. The rain during this period is full of bursts and lightning. In the month of May and June, the temperature stays high, and the monsoon from the southwest brings humidity which can lead to sticking weather.
The other season which is the dry season is witnessed in the months of November to April with the temperature ranging from 27°C to 40°C.
There is a high amount of heat during the period of months from February to April. During this time, the temperature might rise even up to 40°C, especially in the month of April.
The comfy and coolest time is from the month of October to January.